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Pakistan Education System

Author : Gulraiz smith


Education in Pakistan under the supervision of the Ministry of Education in Pakistan. Educational and governmental institutions, but especially the federal government to help in curriculum development, accreditation and funding of research.

Training in Pakistan are generally divided into five levels: primary (first through five years), intermediate (grades 6-8) and high (9 and 10 leading to a high school diploma or SSC), intermediate (grades 11 and 12 in an upper secondary school (the school) a certificate or a speed boat), universities, leading to degrees and advanced.

Illiteracy ranges from 72.38 to 10.37 percent of the region, Islamabad Musakhel. [4] From 2000 to 2004 55 to 64 years, the illiteracy rate in Pakistan, about 30% of 45-54 years were read by almost 40%, but 25 to 34 have an illiteracy rate of 50% and the age group 15-24 years of age are reading and writing more than 60%. These data indicate that each generation of the literacy rate in Pakistan has increased by 10%. Literacy in the various regions, including sex. Literacy of women in the tribal areas of 3%. Stage of formal education

Primary

Only 63% of children complete primary education in Pakistan. Moreover, 68% of men and 72%, Pakistan, Pakistani girls reach Level 5, the standard of the national education system, based mainly on the British system. The preschool is designed for 3-5 years, usually consists of three steps: playgroups, nurseries and kindergartens (also known as "mother" or "loan"). After pre-school to high school students to walk from one year to four this year at the school include 5 to 8 schools in environmental management is the single-sex, often tend to choose the community, but co- Education is also common in cities. The course is usually affected by the institutions. Usually, eight subjects Urdu, English, math, art, science, social sciences, Islamiyat, research in computer science, sometimes including access to the computer lab. Some agencies also offer foreign language instruction in Arabic, French and Chinese. This teaching of the language depends on the nature of the institution, if schools and schools in Middle English or Urdu.

Minor

Secondary education in Pakistan since 9 th for 4 years. At the end of each school year 4, students must pass the national examination administered by a regional council of the middle and high school (or power law).

At the end of grade 9, each student must be the first part of the standardized test subjects. Once again tested, the second part of the same course at the end of the class of 10, following the success of these two studies, which specifies a secondary school certificate (SSC). This is known locally as the certificate

of registration "or" Matrix short. The course usually includes a combination of eight courses, including electives (biology and science / computer science, chemistry and physics), and the compulsory subjects (such as English, Urdu is the language, math and study Islamiyat Pakistan ).

Then students enter college and complete the intermediate 11 and 12 at the end of each year, two, and take on new standardized tests in the subjects. Following the success of these studies is the distribution of high school students (school) certificate (or high-speed boat). This level of training is also known as FSC / FA or "average." There are many streams of students to choose their own 11 and 12 degrees, as former health care, pre-engineering, the humanities (or social sciences) and trade. Each data stream consists of three electives, required courses and 3, English, Urdu, Islamiyat (grade 11) and Pakistan Studies (Level 12).

alternative qualifications available in Pakistan, but noar maintain, rather than the power law for the review boards. The most common option is the General Certificate of Education (GCE o), where the SSC and HSC have been replaced by regular mail (or O level) and advanced level (or level), respectively. CIG replace qualifications, including South-South cooperation. Cambridge O-level, CIG, General Certificate of Education as / Cambridge level management by the British think tank and professional evaluation of the Edexcel Pearson Group. Usually, 80 to 10 courses chosen by students of GCE O level and a level of 3.5 in Cambridge.

Advanced Engineering (or AP) is another possibility, but far below the public consumption expenditures are less common or IGC. This will replace secondary education, secondary education "in its place. AP Board examinations supervised by the North American study, the College Board, which provides for monitoring of the center, registered with the College Board, the government consumption expenditure as compared to S / AS / IGC level and can be private.

Higher education

In 2003-04, only 2.9% of Pakistanis registered higher education, but this figure rose to 4.0% in 2008 (5.1% and 2.8% for men women) and 4 7% 2009th Pakistan plans to increase to 10%, this figure by 2015 and 15% in 2020.

Thereafter, the high-speed vessels, students can read the university professional degree programs of training, such as engineering (B Engg), medicine (MB BS), dentistry (BDS), veterinary medicine (DVM), law (LLB), Building Science (fabric bow) and nursing (2 Suginami). These courses are 4 or 5 years of research. Students may also participate in the University of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Business Studies (COM fabric) or Bachelor of Business Administration (MBA).

There are two types of curricula in Pakistan: the evidence or honor. Pass degree requires two years of study, students often read three themes to choose from (such as chemistry or economics), in addition to compulsory subjects are almost the same amount (as in the United Kingdom and Pakistan Studies).

Honorary three to four years of study, students in certain disciplines, in general, and biochemistry (Biochemistry degree specialize.). It should be noted that the degree is being progressively withdrawn from the national honor.

Quaternary education

Many undergraduate courses only one year and a half. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) training can, in certain areas, often chasing the master. Doctoral students must select a specific area, a university doing research in this area. Higher education in Pakistan at least 3-5 years of study.

The gender gap

In other criticisms of the educational system of Pakistan against the gender gap in education. But in recent years some progress, try to solve the problem. In 1990-1991, the proportion of women in the male (F / M) 0.47 Primary school enrollment. It was 0.74 in 1999-2000; show that the gender ratio has increased 57.44 percent during this decade. Average education level is 0.42 after 10 years, from 0.68 late 2010, rose nearly 62%. In both cases, small differences between the sexes, but relatively fast in the middle.

The gender gap in enrollment in secondary education and 0.4 in 1990-91 to 0.67 in 1999-2000, shows that the gap was 67.5% during this decade. At university level, 0.50 in 1990-91 to 0.81 in 1999-2000, shows that the gap has narrowed by 64%. The gender gap has declined more rapidly in secondary schools.

However, the impact of the gender gap in the application of the Taliban bans on female education in the Swat region, as reported in issue 21 January 2009 Pakistan Daily News. About 400 private schools enrolling 40,000 girls have been closed. At least 10 girls who tried to open the school after January 15, 2009 deadline for Taliban militants exploded the city of Mingora, Swat base. "More than 170 schools were destroyed or burned buildings and other countries."

Education spending

As a percentage of GDP, Pakistan spent only 2.9% of the training. However, the government recently approved a new national education policy will result in access to education is 7% of GDP. One idea proposed by the Government of Punjab government. The plans to increase the 85% literacy 2015.In accordance with the Millennium Development Goal in Pakistan.


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Pakistan Education System

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Submitted : 2011-08-18    Word Count : 1268    Times Viewed: 452