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Hobbies - Types Of Painting

Author : Callum Leslie Walters

Painting is popular all over the world and the art form has many facets. Our guide takes you through some of the main forms of painting and some key bits of information about them. First up are watercolors, which have been used by artists such as Gainsborough, Edward Hopper and Blake. They are made by combining pigments with a water-soluble carrier. It is also known as scroll painting and has a long tradition in many cultures. They are mainly painted onto paper but papyrus, canvas and vellum are all used too.

Oil painting is next on our list, which is a really popular form of painting. Rags, knives and brushes can all be used to apply the paint. Art conservators say that oil paint isn't properly 'dry' for at least 60 years, but the fact it's wet for longer means the artist has more scope for working with it. The paint is made from colored pigments, which are blended with oil. Commonly, linseed oil mixed with pine resin is used, which gives a glossy finish.

Not widely available until the 1950s, acrylic painting is a much more modern form of painting. Acrylics were invented by Doctor Otto Rohm and the paints are made by mixing color pigment with acrylic polymer emulsion. It is fast-drying, which is useful for a wide range of painting techniques and it is popular in the art of model making as well as painting decoration on to dolls. When diluted with water, acrylics can give the appearance of either watercolors or oil paints.

First mentioned by da Vinci, pastels are another popular form of painting. As they come in stick form (either hard, soft, pencil or oil), they are somewhat different to other painting styles but they are currently popular with modern artists as their colors are very bright and they do no discolor or crack with age. They have previously been used by artists such as Carriera and Degas. They are made by mixing the color pigment with a binder that can take the stick form.

Finally, fresco is also a common form of painting. It used to be much more popular than it is now, but you can still see many famous examples of the form. Fresco involves painting murals onto plaster ceilings or walls - such as in the Sistine Chapel - and as the plaster dries, the color sets. Raphael, Michelangelo and da Vinci are all known for their fresco work but it has a history that dates back to the time of ancient Crete and Egypt even though the Renaissance works are better known.

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Tags:   painting, art, hobbies, leisure

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Submitted : 2011-06-03    Word Count : 870    Times Viewed: 997