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Why Do Some Women Have Pain During And After Ovulation?

Author : Neal Kennedy

This article is intended to give you information on many of the questions you probably have regarding ovulation pain. What is ovulation pain? What causes ovary pain during ovulation? What are the signs of painful ovulation? Why is there sometimes ovulation pain following ovulation?

Ovulation pain is a variety of pain in the ovaries which occurs in around 1 out of every 5 in their child-bearing years. Frequently, ovary pain from ovulation happens about two weeks before the menstrual cycle, when one of the ovaries releases an ovum or egg. Intensity of ovary pain during ovulation varies from woman to another. Some women feel mild discomfort, others suffer acute pain and cramping. Ovary pain from ovulation can last for a few minutes or a few days. Another name for pain during ovulation is Mittelschmerz, which is a German word meaning "middle pain."

Aching during ovulation can be a symptom of an underlying gynecological disorder, but this is generally not the case. Nevertheless, severe, prolonged pain during ovulation (more than 2-3 days) or heavy bleeding deserve a discussion with your doctor.

Why does a woman get ovary pain during ovulation? The exact cause of ovulation pain is uncertain, but scientists have made some educated guesses.

The most likely possibilities center on ovarian follicles, the sac-like structures in which eggs develop. One theory suggests that during ovulation, the follicle bursts open, releasing the egg into the fallopian tube. It might be that the expanding follicle stretches the membrane of the ovaries, which causes pain during ovulation.

Another theory suggests that when the ovum matures, it bursts from the follicle, which can cause minor internal bleeding. Perhaps this bleeding may irritate the lining of the uterus, causing painful ovulation.

As previously mentioned, pain during ovulation is quite common and in most cases is not an indication of any underlying illness. But sometimes it can be a sign of a problem that's developing. Here are some possibilities.

Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease - Another name for pelvic inflammatory disease is PID. It occurs when there is inflammation in a woman's reproductive system. Frequently, women who are already suffering from gonorrhea or chlamydia also get pelvic inflammatory disease.

Ectopic pregnancy - An ectopic pregnancy takes place when a fertilized egg begins to develop outside the ueterus - frequently in a fallopian tube. Typical symptoms include abdominal cramping and vaginal bleeding. This is a serious medical condition requiring immediate professional care.

Endometriosis - Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium, or lining of the uterus grows elsewhere outside the uterus. Menstrual discomfort and pain during intimacy are generally symptoms of endometriosis.

Ovary cysts - These are pouches filled with fluid that appear on an ovary. Most of the time, ovary cysts are harmless, but this is not universally true.

Salpingitis - This condition is frequently caused by an infection that triggers inflammation in the fallopian tubes. This inflammation is relatively common. It is the primary cause of one of every six hospital admissions related to women's reproductive organs.

Why is there sometimes ovulation pain after ovulation? Pain after ovulation may be caused by a small amount of blood that seeps from the ovary during ovulation. This leakage can cause irritation. The seriousness of this variety of pain following ovulation depends on how much leakage and several other variables. Other issues related to the reproductive system, such as fibroids or PCOS can also result in pain after ovulation. You should talk these over with your physician.

Keep in mind that the pain from an inflamed appendix is can be mistaken for ovulation pain. If your pain is constant and growing worse on the right side of the abdomen, with nausea and vomiting, obtain medical attention immediately.

There are other diseases and conditions that can cause discomfort similar to ovulation pain too. These are mostly gastrointestinal problems, such as a perforated ulcer, gastroenteritis and inflammatory bowel disease.

Again, ovulation pain is usually harmless and is temporary, although it can be particularly painful for some women as long as it lasts. It is important to know when mid-cycle pain can be a sign of something more dangerous. As with most illnesses and diseases, early diagnosis increases the probability of a happy result.

Author's Resource Box

Learn more by clicking on cramps during and after ovulation and pain in the ovary.

Neal Kennedy is a retired radio and TV reporter with a special interest in topics related to health and fitness.

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Tags:   ovary pain during ovulation, pain in the ovary, abdomen pain during and after ovulation

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Submitted : 2011-02-17    Word Count : 736    Times Viewed: 627